This Week In Space History

      Saturday July 20th:
            1960 Polaris first submerged firing.
            1969 Apollo-11 LM Eagle lands; Armstrong-Aldrin on Moon 16:17:42 EDT.
            1969 Apollo-11 Armstrong's first step on Moon (22:56 EDT). EVA 2 hours 13 minutes.
            1976 Viking-1 Lander touchdown. Now on Mars surface.

      Sunday July 21st:
            1961 Launch of Mercury 4 - Grissom (118.3 nm, 15 min 37 sec) "Liberty Bell 7"
            1966 Gemini-10 Splashdown.
            1973 USSR Mars-4 Launched to Mars orbit.
            1975 Soyuz-19 Lands at Kazakh, USSR.
            2011 Landing of Atlantis, after STS-135, the last Space Shuttle mission, on KSC runway 15.
125,935,769 miles traveled, 4,848 orbits of the planet and 307 days aloft on 33 missions.
Space Shuttle program:
818 seats to orbit for 347 people from 18 countries.
77 large and 44 small satellites deployed in orbit, total mass 231 tonnes.
24 major Space Station components launched, total mass 232 tonnes.
46 dockings with Mir and ISS
31 satellite rendezvous/retrieval/captures
162 spacewalks.

      Monday July 22nd:
            1962 Mariner-1 Launch. Veered off course. Destroyed.
            1969 Apollo-11 Columbia powers out of lunar orbit. Return to Earth.
            1972 Venera-8 Probe lands and returns data.
            1987 Soyuz TM-3 Launch. Viktorenko, Alexandrov (Bulgarian), Faris. To MIR.
            1993 Soyuz TM-16 lands. Manakov (179d), Poleshchuk (179d), Haignere (20d).
            2015 Launch of Soyuz TMA-17M with Kononeko, Yui, and Lindgren to join ISS Expedition 44/45.

      Tuesday July 23rd:
            1972 Landsat-1 Launch. (aka ERTS 1)
            1980 Soyuz-37/36 Launch. Gorbatko, Tuan (Viet.). Dock with Salyut-6.
            1999 Launch of STS-93 - Collins, Ashby, Coleman, Hawley, Tognini.
Deployed Chandra X-Ray observatory.

      Wednesday July 24th:
            1969 Apollo-11 Splashdown. Humans' first return from landing on another world.
            1975 US Apollo-Soyuz Splashdown. Hydrazine fumes contamitation in cockpit.

      Thursday July 25th:
            1973 USSR Mars-5 Launched to Mars orbit.

      Friday July 26th:
            1958 Explorer-4 Launch. Mapped Project Argus radiation.
            1963 SynCom-2 First successful GEO ComSat. Relays Japan '64 Olympics.
            1971 Launch of Apollo 15 - Scott, Worden, Irwin.
            1975 Soyuz-18B Lands. 63 days in orbit aboard Salyut-4.
            1975 China-3 Launch. Purpose undetermined.
            2005 Launch of STS-114, Discovery, 30 months after Columbia's final launch.
Collins, J. Kelly, Robinson, Thomas, Lawrence, Camarda, Noguchi.
Substantial foam loss from ET.

Space history data compiled by Jay Apt.   Thanks to the following good sources:
TRW Space Log, NASA Glenn Research Center Space Calendar,
Rick von Glahn's CompuServe SpaceForum archive,
Jonathan's Space Report, and

Based on the today.cgi Perl script © 1998 The Puppet Master. subroutine © 1997 Craig Patchett & Matt Wright.

Space History